False Claims
  ·Qui Tam Statistics*

(Please note: A private plaintiff, or whistleblower, under the False Claims Act is known as a "relator.")

· Total amount recovered where there is an associated qui tam case (since the False Claims Act was amended in 1986): $5.2 billion

· Total amount recovered in cases that the Department of Justice (DOJ) entered or otherwise pursued: $4.962 billion

· Total amount recovered by relators in cases declined by DOJ: $242 million

· Total number of qui tam cases filed through 2001: 3,623

Qui tam cases filed (by fiscal year):

  • 1987:      33
  • 1988:      60
  • 1989:      95
  • 1990:      82
  • 1991:      90
  • 1992:      119
  • 1993:      132
  • 1994:      222
  • 1995:      277
  • 1996:      363
  • 1997:      533
  • 1998:      470
  • 1999:      481
  • 2000:      366
  • 2001:      300

Recoveries in qui tam cases pursued by DOJ (by fiscal year):

  • 1988:      $355,000
  • 1989:      $15 million
  • 1990:      $40 million
  • 1991:      $70 million
  • 1992:      $134 million
  • 1993:      $171 million
  • 1994:      $379.6 million
  • 1995:      $245 million
  • 1996:      $125 million
  • 1997:      $622.7 million
  • 1998:      $432.7 million
  • 1999:      $454 million
  • 2000:      $1.19 billion
  • 2001:      $1.07 billion

Recoveries in cases declined by DOJ (by fiscal year):

  • 1988:      $35,431
  • 1989:      0
  • 1990:      $75,000
  • 1991:      $69,500
  • 1992:      $994,456
  • 1993:      $5.9 million
  • 1994:      $1.8 million
  • 1995:      $1.8 million
  • 1996:      $14 million
  • 1997:      $7 million
  • 1998:      $29.2 million
  • 1999:      $62.5 million
  • 2000:      $1.1 million
  • 2001:      $117 million

· Relators' awards when DOJ intervened in or otherwise pursued the case, in cases where shares have been determined (total): $745 million

· Relators' awards when government declined to intervene (total): $63 million

DOJ's decision on qui tam cases:

· Intervened or otherwise pursued: 550 cases

• Active: 129
  • Settled or judgment: 404
  • Inactive: 5
  • Unclear: 0
  • Dismissed, no recovery:   12

· Declined: 1,917

• Active: 307
  • Settled or judgment: 112
  • Inactive: 32
  • Unclear: 92
  • Dismissed, no recovery:   1,374

· Dismissed before election: 429

· Under investigation: 727

Recoveries in qui tam cases involving health care fraud and defense fraud, two common areas of False Claims actions:

· Health care:

• Cases filed: 1,786
  • Government recovery: $2.88 billion
  • Relator share: $421 million

· Defense:

• Cases filed: 1,128
  • Government recovery: $1.36 billion
  • Relator share: $239.8 million

Percentage of qui tam cases involving health care fraud (by fiscal year, as of 10/98):
• 1987: 12 percent
  • 1988-1992: 15 percent each year
  • 1993: 30 percent
  • 1994: 36 percent
  • 1995: 34 percent
  • 1996: 56 percent
  • 1997: 54 percent

· Average False Claims Act recovery in qui tam cases (both entered and declined) where there has been a recovery: $5.8 million (as of 11/99)

· Median recovery in qui tam cases where there has been a recovery (does not include cases delegated to U.S. Attorneys' offices): $915,000 (as of 12/97)

· Average relator's award in qui tam cases (both entered and declined) where there has been a recovery: $1 million (as of 11/99)

· Median relator's award in qui tam cases where there has been a recovery (does not include cases delegated to U.S. Attorneys' offices): $183,000 (as of 12/97)

*(Source: Department of Justice, through 9/20/01)


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